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Vol 106 / Issue 30

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15 Number of Beijing University students, out of 100 in an informal survey, who could identify "Tank Man," the iconic image of Beijing's Tiananmen massacre in 1989. 123.1 billion Amount (in US dollars) China will spend on internal security this year, a 90 percent rise over the past six years. 39 Murders in Manhattan in 2013, down from 70 in 2010, an all-time low since record keeping began in 1962. 47,017 Unaccompanied children who have been detained at the US-Mexican border since Oct. 1. (See editorial, page 34.) 2 billion Amount spent (in US dollars) yearly on second passports by those wanting to ease travel or investment. Poor nations have created proftable citizenship programs. 40 Percentage of new books in the United States, digital and print, that are sold by Amazon. 14 Number of provinces in France – there are presently 22 – under President François Hollande's controversial new regional division plan. 49 Number of US states in which basket- ball fans will root against Florida's Miami Heat in the NBA Finals (versus the San Antonio Spurs), according to one online poll. It is the Heat's fourth consecutive appearance. Sources: 'The People's Republic of Amnesia: Tiananmen Revisited,' by Louisa Lim; The Wall Street Journal;; US Customs and Border Protection; BBC; The New York Times; Libération; ESPN P R I M E N U M B E R S Washington – Republicans are criti- cizing President Obama for the May 31 release of Sgt. Bowe Bergdahl, who was serving in Afghanistan when he was captured and held for five years by the Taliban. He was swapped for five Taliban detainees being held at the US Naval Base at Guantanamo in Cuba. So far, Democrats aren't com- plaining about the case, which raises the questions: Are the con- cerns valid, or is this just election- year politics? Here is a closer look at the concerns: Does this action put US troops at higher risk of being taken hostage? Sen. Ted Cruz (R) of Texas, a possi- ble presidential candidate for 2016, said on ABC's "This Week" on June 1 that he was happy for the return of Bergdahl. But, he asked, "What does this tell terrorists, that if you capture a US soldier, you can trade that soldier for five terrorists?" One can argue that Americans are already in danger of being taken hostage in many places, and histori- cally, prisoner swaps are part of war. The effect on future hostage tak- ing is hard to assess, says Anthony Cordesman, an expert on global security at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Wash - ington. "You are sending a message. What the marginal impact is, is any- body's guess." What about the US policy of not ne- gotiating with terrorists? That's a con- cern raised by Rep. Howard "Buck" McKeon (R) of California, who is chairman of the House Armed Ser- vices Committee, and Sen. James Inhofe (R) of Oklahoma, the rank- ing member of the same committee on the Senate side. "America has maintained a pro- hibition on negotiating with terror- ists for a good reason," the two men said in a joint statement. "Our ter- rorist adversaries now have a strong incentive to capture Americans." For good or bad, though, presi - dents from both parties have ne- gotiated with terrorists. The Carter administration talked with Iranian revolutionaries for the release of hostages seized at the US Embassy in Tehran in 1979. The Reagan ad - ministration traded missiles to Iran in exchange for Americans held by Iran's terrorist proxies in Lebanon. (Three hostages were let go, but three more were taken.)The Clin- ton administration talked to Hamas during peace talks about the Israeli- Palestinian conflict. The Obama administration hopes the Bergdahl deal will help open the way for Taliban negotia- tions with the Kabul government about Afghanistan's future, Mr. Obama indicated in a statement. Will the five Taliban return to the battlefield? Sen. John McCain (R) of Arizona, appearing on CBS's "Face the Nation" on June 1, called the five men "the hardest of the hard core" and said, ''It is disturbing that these individuals would have the ability to reenter the fight." White House National Security Adviser Susan Rice says the ad - ministration has assurances that Qatar, which negotiated the deal, will closely monitor the Taliban and restrict their movements. They are to stay in Qatar for a year. US forces are probably not at risk if Qatar "honors the delay," Mr. Cordesman says, with most US forces out of Afghanistan by the end of this year. But Afghan forces will probably be at greater risk, he says. How serious is Obama's failure to notify Congress? By law, the presi- dent must inform Congress 30 days before any inmate is released from Guantánamo. The Obama adminis- tration says that because Bergdahl's health and safety were in danger, it had to act quickly. Obama had ob - jected to the 30-day provision, say- ing it is unconstitutional, when he signed the National Defense Autho- rization Act at the end of last year. But just because Obama – as have other presidents – objects to a provision in a "signing statement" doesn't change the law, says Sen- ate historian Donald Ritchie. The House Armed Services Committee aims to hold hearings on the breach. "Had we waited and lost [Berg- dahl], I don't think anybody would have forgiven the United States gov- ernment," said Ms. Rice on ABC's Prisoner swaP A turbulent return Why Sergeant Bergdahl's release roils Washington VNEXT PAGE joy: B owe Bergdahl's parents, Jani and Bob, were with President Obama at a White House news conference announcing their son's release. He'd been held by Afghan Taliban since 2009. Carolyn Kaster/aP For good or bad, presidents From both parties have negotiated with terrorists. 10 The ChrisTian sCienCe MoniTor Weekly | June 16, 2014

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